The main IT trends of 2021
In 2021, Elon Musk plans to build a system of high-speed transport tunnels across America and launch a project to install solar roofs that generate energy. Companies around the world are developing flying cars and preparing them for market launch in the coming months. The plans are Napoleonic – but let’s narrow the focus of the forecasts: what will happen in the field of information technology in the near and distant future? In this article, we will share the main trends in IT development in 2021.
Artificial intelligence

According to ReportCrux Market Research , the expected revenue from AI products in the IoT field by the end of 2027 will be about $ 15.72 billion. AI technologies accompany people in medicine, economy, education, science and even creativity…. In the new year, the trade sphere will actively develop: large companies will begin to develop services for visual and sound search for goods. This will make shopping more convenient and increase customer satisfaction. Moreover, this way manufacturers will be able to better study the audience: they will receive more accurate information about the preferences of buyers and will be able to predict demand. They will offer customers the best prices for popular products, which will drive sales. This is beneficial for both parties – buyers get what they need, and sellers will establish close contact with the target audience.
Another interesting trend in this area is shaping artificial intelligence. This kind of AI absorbs information from different sources and creates new content on its basis – even program code. This area also includes the generation of content such as music, images or videos. Formative AI already now, at the initial stage of development, brings noticeable benefits: it analyzes factors that a person can overlook, and is capable of independent learning. For example, he designs models of prostheses for printing on 3D printers and even DNA molecules for genetic engineering tasks. In the near future, with its help, people will be able not only to develop flawless mobile applications, but also to create works of art and make scientific discoveries.
Digital first

Humanity has been moving towards digitalization for a long time, but the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the development of this trend. According to RBC , 25 billion devices will be connected to the Internet of Things (IoT) in 2021. This leads to the development of the digital first concept, within which each business should be maximally developed in the electronic environment. This greatly expands the interactions, allowing people to order food from hypermarkets across town through apps or buy clothes from other countries on brand websites. This includes automated delivery processes for purchases and online training., and even employment in a remote format. Digital first also has its drawbacks: lack of live communication or inappropriate purchases. They should be kept in mind and not written off traditional ways of interaction.
Over the past year, people have experienced how convenient remote communications can be. Moreover, getting news, looking for recipes or learning to draw is almost always easier over the Internet. This increases the burden on IT: any business requires reliable and convenient services to interact with customers. Therefore, in 2021, developers will create thousands of new digital products so that no company is left without the attention of the audience.

People trust electronic devices with their phones, addresses, bank card details and passports. This leads to the need to protect personal information: according to the Security Lab , the number of cybercrimes in 2020 increased by 80%. Because of this, people are suspicious of even reliable suppliers of goods and services. They either completely refuse to buy, or by all means check the sellers, which complicates communication.
Another reason for the development of cybersecurity is the increased number of remote employees. The proliferation of remote access is creating breaches in corporate security systems, making it easier for attackers to access data. Employers try to protect themselves and their employees as best they can. In particular, this is leading to the development of multifactor authentication. The onset of 2021 and the popularity of remote work foreshadow the further development of processes that safeguard the data of people and companies in simpler and more reliable ways.

The global industrial robotics market is $ 16 billion . The robotization of many business processes continues to simplify people’s lives and improve business. Our prime example is the iFarm project . In this project, drones perform two main tasks: delivering goods to customers and monitoring complex objects such as vertical farms.
The robots can be used in the fields of construction, logistics, real estate, surveying and security. Our reliable mechanical assistants can already perform many complex or even dangerous tasks for people. For example, to get around a huge factory, a guard will take a lot of time and effort; he may accidentally click on something or step on something, harming himself or the equipment. The drones will fly around the same plant much faster and safer, as they will be clearly programmed. Also, robots will be able to work at high altitudes and, conversely, under water, and it will be cheaper than sending people there.
BioTech / MedTech

The development of technologies in this area will help make a qualitative breakthrough in human existence. People will be able to produce food, causing less harm to the ecological state of the planet. The development of new vaccines and drugs will become less costly and more efficient as it builds on all previous advances in this area (both with and without IT). Electronic devices will save people from the need to perform many complex tasks: compiling medical manuals , chemical experiments, raising animals, and even medical operations. According to the forecast of the scientific portal Seed Scientific , the revenue of the biotech industry in 2020 will be $ 108.2 billion.
Combined with trends in artificial intelligence and robotics, these areas will flourish. Undoubtedly, there are tasks that only a human can handle: for example, accurately interpreting and comparing the results of medical examinations or training animals. However, it is really better to entrust many routine and non-standard tasks to technology, and in 2021 humanity will receive many more opportunities for this.
Internet behavior

The development of this trend is associated with artificial intelligence, which constantly monitors each of us . According to research firm Gartner , by 2023, 40% of people will be continuously monitored by their devices. Search engines, voice assistants, instant messengers and voice recorders are actively absorbing information about what you write and say. Your location information is also not secret. This is how neural networks study you, understand your needs, and decide what content to offer you.
This can be intimidating and take us back to the cybersecurity point; however, the better these technologies develop, the more useful they become for humans. Even advertising becomes so high-quality that it offers users the goods they really need. In the coming year, with the development of AI, there will be a breakthrough in behavior on the Internet: computers will learn to better understand people, so their interaction will become more productive and benefit humans.